Viral & Bacterial Meningitis
Meningitis is an infection that causes swelling of the meninges or the covering of the brain and spinal column. There are several types of meningitis caused by viruses and bacteria. Viral meningitis is relatively mild, and sufferers generally recover without the need for medical treatment. Bacterial meningitis is much more severe and, if not treated quickly, can progress to serious illness which may result in brain damage, hearing loss, a learning disability, or death.
Transmitting Bacterial Meningitis
Bacterial meningitis can be transmitted from person to person through:
- Droplets of respiratory or throat secretions
- Close and prolonged contact such as kissing, sneezing, and coughing on someone
- Living in close quarters or dormitories, such as military recruits or students
- Sharing eating or drinking utensils
The average incubation period is four days, ranging between two and 10 days.
Although meningococcal meningitis affects only about 3,000 people nationwide each year, it kills a fifth of adolescents who get it. Please vaccinate your loved ones!
For more detailed information, please visit World Health Organization: Meningococcal Meningitis.